The Role of Psychology in Pain Management


Psychological factors play a very vital role in the management of pain. Pain simply is a human experience that is ubiquitous. Patients should be active participants as far as the management of pain is concerned and why do you think this is necessary? It is simply because it enables them to easily manage their diseases and it instills some skills that are valuable to them. Pain management should only be done by a professional doctor who has expertise and experience in dealing with pain. According to research pain is what has made most people to seek medical attention or care.

The experience of pain is characterized by undue physical, social, psychological, and financial suffering. It is unfortunate that the experience of pain may make one uncomfortable especially if the pain caused is severe. Chronic pain is that type of pain that requires immediate medical attention and this pain can constitute a very big financial burden to your family and society at large. When pain is severe it can lead to emotional distress including anxiety, depression and frustration. It increases pain related disabilities, alterations and can even reduce the quality of your life. Pain management consultants are very important people today and ensure that you contact them when you are suffering from pain.

Pain management

Some people wonder how psychology can be used in pain management but to be sincere this is a very easy thing. Due to the multi-dimensional nature and the widespread prevalence of chronic pain, pain management is integrative, comprehensive and interdisciplinary. The main methods that are used to treat pain today are surgical, pharmacological, or physical. There are multimodal treatments that are used in pain management such as physical or therapy, combining the analgesics, psychological therapy, pain therapy behavioral theory and others.

Doctors are trained on how to handle patients especially when they are suffering from pain so that they can heal or recover fast.  Health facilities should ensure that they have doctors who are experienced or they should make several changes in the clinical practice.

Psycho-physiological techniques

The main technique that we have here is the technique of biofeedback. Biofeedback is a technique that that is used by patients so that they can give the required feedback. This also enables the patients to easily know the areas of tension in their body hence making it easy for you to know the situation of your body. There are several measurement instruments that can be used to manage pain and some of these include blood pressure, brain electrical conductivity, muscle tone, blood flow, skin temperature, heart rate among others. Biofeedback enables patients to know how to establish physiological self-regulatory processes. A patient can easily reduce pain by using some specific self – regulatory skills and these skills will make it easy for you to manage your pain.  Undesired events such as stress are not good as they may affect your psychological nature making it hard for one to manage pain. If you are suffering from a strange illness that is causing much pain in you ensure that you look for an experienced doctor to assist you with relieving this pain.


How Hospitals Can Effectively Manage Patients’ Pain


According to most health professionals pain management is critical but it can be easily managed. Healthcare facilities should have proper ways of ensuring that they respond appropriately to patients’ pain because this pain can affect a patient both mentally and physically. Any healthcare provider or hospital must have policies in place that are used to treat patient’s pain.  At one point in life, we experience some types of pain that are as a result of diseases or accidents and during these pains we go to hospitals to look for treatments.  Patients should only go to healthcare professionals that are qualified and experienced because they know how to handle issues related to pain management. Below are some of the best practices that assist in pain management and treatment:

Patient-staff interventions

Patient’s expectations should be set appropriately

Pain control is not an easy thing as some may think but professionals know how to deal with pain. There are some levels of pain that need immediate attention before they cause mental or physical torture to one. Such pain need to be properly diagnosed and treated with care. Do not allow pain to go to the extreme and instead look for the pain management consultants so that they can assist you relieve the pain and be comfortable.

Have a proper pain medication schedule

Having a proper pain medication schedule is very important and beneficial because it will assist a health facility or hospital in handling patient’s pain. Never wait for a patient to ask for pain medication and therefore you are supposed to visit patients before their next time of medication reaches to know their condition. This will assist you as a healthcare professional to know the level of pain of your patient and hence enable to know how you are going to administer the next medication to him or her.

Constant communication with your patient is necessary

Ensure that you communicate with your patient (s) regularly so that you can know how they are fairing on. This will enable you to know whether you have done everything needed to control your patient’s pain. If you see any symptoms related to pain ensure that it is dealt with so that the patient is relieved and is comfortable. The willingness or tolerance to reveal pain differs from one culture to the other and therefore if you have this cultural sensitivity ensure that it doesn’t affect the way you treat your pain.

Staff-hospital interventions

Pain control policy should be initiated

All healthcare professionals should ensure that they have policies in their hospitals that they use to control pain in patients. Dealing with Pain therapy requires one to use some specific policies in order to reduce this pain and without such policies then it can be hard to treat the pain.

Hands-on providers should be educated on pain assessment and management

In order to have a pain management program that is cohesive it is important for you to ensure that all your hands-on providers have proper education. This will make pain management easy and fast.

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